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In 1998 an Executive Order created the New Partnership Commission for Community Safety, charged with the responsibility of advising the Governor on new initiatives to "promote community safety, particularly youth and family safety." The Commission worked diligently to assess the needs of localities across the Commonwealth and assist them in addressing their individual community safety issues.
The Commission asked the Department of Criminal Justice Services (DCJS) to recommend programs that foster the development of community safety initiatives at the local level. DCJS proposed, and the Commission approved, the Certified Crime Prevention Community Program. Based on a study conducted by the Virginia State Crime Commission in 1993, the goal of the program is to publicly recognize and certify localities that have implemented a defined set of community safety strategies as part of a comprehensive community safety/crime prevention effort.
One of the first of its kind in the nation, the program encourages localities to develop and implement collaborative community safety plans within a flexible framework designed by the Commission. Furthermore, it provides an ongoing process by which communities can reassess and update their plans to address emerging community safety issues. To obtain certification, a locality must meet 12 core community safety elements/strategies augmented by a minimum of seven approved optional elements. DCJS runs and monitors the program. An agency must recertification every 3‑years.
Warren County Circuit Court has four terms.
Each term lasts three months, which begin on the second Monday on the following months:
Your jury panel is your group or team of jurors. Each panel is given a color. This color will not change throughout your term. It is important that you remember this color.
You may check trial dates the following ways:
i. Call the juror message line; 540-551-4090
ii. Check the Warren County Circuit Court Facebook page.
iii. Check the ezJury Portal
All jurors are to report at 8:00 am on the first date of juror service, and 8:30 am for all other assigned dates, unless otherwise notified. Please call the juror line at 540-551-4090 for any other updates in the service date and time of arrival.
Arrive at the Warren County Courthouse on the date assigned. Please report to the 2nd floor lobby for further instruction. You will be checked in and will need to present one of the following forms of ID:
i. Valid Virginia driver’s license
ii. Virginia voter registration card
iii. Social Security Card
iv Any other government agency-issued ID
v Any valid employee identification card containing a photograph of the juror and issued by an employer of the juror in the ordinary course of the employer’s business.
vi If the juror is unable to present one of these forms of identification, the juror shall sign a sworn affidavit affirming, under penalty of perjury, that they are the named juror.
During check-in, you will receive payment, in the amount of $50.00 for your day of service. You will then be provided a juror number. You will be directed to a courtroom, or other designated space, to sit in your numbered seat. Seats will have a lanyard with the corresponding juror number you will wear until excused.
You will then participate in a process called Voir Dire, which is a series of questions asked to select a panel of jurors.
Jurors may be summonsed to appear in court to show cause for failure to appear for jury service. According to Virginia Code §8.01-356, any juror given due notice to appear in court and fails to do so without sufficient excuse, may be fined not less than $50.00 nor more than $200.00
If you have moved outside of Warren County, VA, please inform the Warren County Circuit Court Clerk’s Office at 540-635-2435, of your new address so records may be updated.
Please provide written notice of planned events that could conflict with your term of service to the Clerk of the Circuit Court. Please include your name, jury panel assignment, and your reason for asking for excusal. You must include the specific dates of your request. You may send this request to: 1 E. Main Street, Front Royal, VA 22630. You may also request excusal via the ezJury Portal. Only the judge of this court may excuse a juror for any reason not included in Virginia Code §8.01-341.
Please see Virginia Code §8.01-341.
You address all requests for excusals, in writing, to the judge of this court. Please address a letter to the Judge of the Warren County Circuit Court, 1 E. Main Street, Front Royal, VA 22630. You must include your name, assigned juror panel, and the reason for being excused. Please include any documentation substantiating your request to include doctor’s notes. Only the judge of this Court may excuse for any reason not defined under Virginia Code §8.01-341. You may also make these requests via the ezJury Portal.
Once you have applied for a building permit to the Building Inspections Department, they will send a new address request to the Zoning Administrator after your foundation has been constructed and inspected.
Typically, addresses are assigned within 1 or 2 weeks of receiving the request. You should receive notification of your new address within a few days of the address being assigned.
No, the County does not assign addresses to accessory structures.
When you obtain your address certificate it will have the postal code intentionally left off, as the County is not responsible for determining postal codes. Please take your address certificate to your local United States Postal Service (USPS) office to obtain your correct postal code.
You can access the County's Geographic Information Systems (GIS) website for more information.
Register with eVA to receive formal solicitation notices (see Bidder Registration).
Register with Warren County when/if payment is necessary.
For more information, contact Alisa Scott in the Finance Department.
Informal Procurement - Purchases under $70,000 - no formal notification process.
Formal Procurement - Purchases $70,000 and greater - Invitation for Bid (IFB) or Request for Proposal (RFP) required.
There is extensive information available on-line, including step-by-step instructions for obtaining a license. For complete business license information click here.
For complete business license information click here.
The legal name of a business is the name of the person or entity that owns the business. If a sole owner, its legal name is the person's name. If a partnership, its legal name is the name given in the partnership agreement or the last names of all of the partners. If an LLC or corporation, the legal name is the one that was registered with the State Corporation Commission.A fictitious or assumed name is a name that a person (individual or business entity) uses instead of the person's legal name. Businesses must register or file their fictitious name to prevent customer confusion between two local businesses that use the same name and to provide the name and contact information of the owner. Per the Code of Virginia, no person, partnership, limited liability company or corporation can conduct or transact business under any assumed or fictitious name unless it signs and acknowledges a certificate setting forth the name under which the business is to be conducted or transaction, with the respective post office and residence addresses, and files the certificate with the Virginia State Corporation Commission. 1-866-722-2551You will need to provide us with a copy if you are required to file a Certificate of Assumed or Fictitious Name with the Virginia State Corporation Commission (for more info, call 866-722-2551 or obtain an application form at www.scc.virginia.gov .
The State Corporation Commission (SCC) is an independent state agency established by the Constitution of Virginia which has regulatory authority over many businesses in Virginia. Its authority includes serving as the state's central filing office for corporations, limited partnerships, and limited liability companies in Virginia. Certain types of business entities are required to register with the SCC and make annual filings. For more information, go to www.scc.virginia.gov.
A business license can be obtained in the same day, if all documents are presented fully completed and payment is made.
Gross receipts under $100,000 are assessed a flat rate.
Gross Receipts of $100,000 or more:
We prefer that you file online at Business Licenses must be renewed by March 1 and paid for by April 1.
Business licenses that are not subject to a flat tax rate are calculated on the prior year's gross receipts or estimated gross receipts if a new business. Businesses who gross under $4,000 in one calendar year may wish to obtain a business license for the minimum fee although not required to do so. However, we do ask that they file with the Commissioner's office. If a business is not renewing its license because it has or anticipates gross receipts of less than $4,000, it is important to notify the Commissioner's office so that your account record is updated accordingly and you are not sent a statutory assessment or Summons for failure to file. If the gross receipts are estimated to be under $4,000 and the business grosses more than $4,000, then all the requirements of a business license must be met and purchased within 30 days of reaching the $4,000 threshold.
The online filing should be available on the first business day after January 1. The existing business license is valid until the March 1 renewal deadline of the next year.
Contact the Commissioner of Revenue's Office at 540-635-2651 and request that hard copies of the filing forms be mailed to you.
Corrections must be in writing and can be emailed to . Reference the items that need to be changed. Supply as much information as possible such as account number, trade name, etc.
In addition to the regular business license requirements, a person or entity who is responsible for payment of the imposed meals (food and beverage) or transient occupancy (lodging/room rental) tax must (a) register for collection of this "trust tax," (b) add the tax to the amount charged for the meal or lodging, (c) collect the tax from the purchaser at the time the charge for the meal or lodging becomes due, (d) make a report for each calendar month showing the amount of charges collected and the amount of tax required to be collected, and (e) deliver to the Commissioner a signed monthly report accompanied by a remittance of the amount of tax due payable to the Treasurer on or before the 20th day of the calendar month following the month being reported for the prior month's gross sales.
A "short-term rental property tax" is imposed on persons engaged in a short-term rental property business. All those engaged in the business of renting daily rental property are categorized as retail merchants for purposes of a business license tax in Frederick County. A "manufacturer / machinery and tools tax" is imposed on all tangible personal property owned, leased, rented, or borrowed, which was used or available for use in manufacturing which was located in Frederick County as of January 1 of any year. The deadline for filing an annual M&T tax return (Form 762M) is March 1st each year. A "processor tax" is imposed on all tangible personal property owned, leased, rented, or borrowed, which was used or available for use in processing which was located in Frederick County as of January 1 of any year. The deadline for filing an annual Processor tax return (Form 762P) is March 1st each year. See our website for more information regarding these taxes.
$4.86 per $100 of the assessed value. Assessed value is 30% of the reported cost.
Yes. The penalty is 10% of the assessed tax.
In addition, any person (or entity) who fails to file or renew its business license, business equipment, or other required tax filings can be summonsed by the Sheriff's office to appear before the Commissioner to answer, under oath, question touching on the tax matters, and to produce books, documents and records relevant thereto for the current year and three prior years. Furthermore, any person who refuse to comply with a Summons is deemed guilty of a misdemeanor and each day's refusal constitutes a separate offense.
In order to close your business, we must receive notification in writing signed by the owner or an officer listed with our office. Fax 540-636-8163, mail to: 220 N Commerce Avenue, Suite 700, Front Royal, VA 22630 , or email and supply the following information:
Yes. Click here for further information.
Expenditures are funded with revenues derived from taxes, fees, user charges, reimbursed costs and state/federal allocations.
The general fund budget provides for the daily operations of the county government and is funded with local, state and federal revenue. Local revenue contributes to the majority of funding to general fund. Expenditures in the general fund budget include government administration, judicial administration, public safety, public works, health and welfare, parks and recreation, community development , transfers to the various school funds, and transfers to the airport and jail operating fund.
Warren County identifies Small purchases as those purchases that are under $70,000, where vendors are easy to identify and Departments are able to manage the procurement process internally. Quotes and/or Purchase Orders may be required prior to goods and/or services being purchased.
Purchases expected to exceed $70,000 are formally solicited through either an Invitation for Bid or a Request for Proposal, which shall be posted on eVA a minimum of 10-days.
A Request for Quotation (RFQ) is a less formal means of soliciting goods or services, in writing. Use of an RFQ as the solicitation method means the goods or services are expected to be less than $70,000 (the 'formal' bid threshold for an IFB or RFP). An RFQ is treated much like a formal bid and are not opened by the Buyer until after the specified date/time.
You can determine if your property is located in a floodplain by visiting Warren County's GIS website. Once there, click on the File Folder Icon on the toolbar and select the "Flood Zones" layer in the layer control panel. Alternatively, you can request a floodplain determination from the County Floodplain Manager or use the FEMA website to create a FIRMette for your property. The flood map for Warren County is 510166 and the Town of Front Royal is 510167.
To obtain a floodplain determination, you can contact the Planning and Zoning department with the address or tax map and parcel number for the property and speak to the County Floodplain Manager.
Yes, you can construct a single-family dwelling if your property is in the floodplain. However, you must adhere to the zoning criteria and requirements outlined in the Warren County Code Section 180-16 for approval to construct in the Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA). It's advisable to schedule a meeting with the County Floodplain Manager prior to initiating any construction plans or the building permit process.
All recreational vehicles must be on-site for fewer than 180 consecutive days and must be fully licensed and ready for highway use if parked in the floodplain in any zoning district. Furthermore, they should be roadworthy. In the Residential One (R1) and Residential Two (R2) zoning districts, a conditional use permit for private use camping is required to establish a recreational use.
Once the building permit process has been initiated, you will typically receive your address 1-2 weeks after the footers have been poured & pass inspection. The receival of the address certificate is included within the building permit process. This document will be sent via email to the owner of the parcel & the contractor responsible for construction on site.
Visit the Warren County Circuit Court and you will have full access to all plats within the County. If you need more information please contact the Circuit Court at (540) 635-2435.
Contact Warren County’s GIS Coordinator for details on how to acquire specific data/maps. Review Warren’s fee schedule for pricing.
Please email or call the GIS Coordinator to remove your information from the Interactive GIS Map the County provides.
GIS applications are updated regularly, change is constant, and the County strives to ensure accuracy.
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After the judge gives you your instructions and you hear the attorneys' closing arguments, you leave the courtroom and go to the jury room to begin your deliberations. "Deliberation" is the process the jury uses to reach its verdict. During deliberations, the jury will discuss evidence and review law and facts.
No. But if you have any questions or need any help, the bailiff will be nearby.
The first thing you should do is elect one member of the jury to preside over the deliberations, seeing that everyone has an opportunity to participate and that the discussions remain orderly. The person chosen to preside takes part in the deliberations and votes on the verdict along with everyone else.
You may take written copies of the jury instructions to the jury room with you. If you do not understand the instructions, you may ask the judge to explain them to you. It is usually best to put your questions in writing and ask the bailiff to give them to the judge, since the judge will discuss the questions with the attorneys before answering them.
Each juror may have a different opinion at the start of deliberations. To reach a decision, some jurors may have to change their opinion. You should keep an open mind; listen carefully to other people's opinions, and the reasons for their opinions. You should be prepared to tell the other jurors what you think and why you think it. Be fair and carefully consider what your fellow jurors are saying. Do not let yourself be intimidated into changing your opinion, and do not intimidate anyone else. Change your opinion only if you genuinely agree with what another juror is saying. After a full discussion of the issues, the jury should be able to reach a decision that each juror can agree to with a clear conscience.
Yes. Every juror must agree on the verdict. This is known as a unanimous verdict.
The person chosen to preside will write down the jury's verdict on a form prepared by the judge, sign it, and notify the bailiff that a verdict has been reached. The bailiff will notify the judge, who will call everyone, including the jury, back to the courtroom. The clerk or judge will ask for the jury's verdict and read it out loud. The judge will then ask the attorneys if they wish to have the jury polled. "Polling a jury", means that the clerk will ask each juror individually if this is their verdict, and each juror must answer out loud. After the verdict and decision on award or punishment is announced, the judge will dismiss the jury.
In May of each year the Supreme Court of Virginia, Office of Management Information Systems, sends out Jury Questionnaires to numerous perspective jurors in the County of Warren. This list is generated from Voter Registration and DMV Records of Citizens who reside in the County of Warren. These questionnaires are returned to the Circuit Court Clerk for the County of Warren.
On July 1 of each year, three Jury Commissioners who are appointed by the presiding Judge of the Circuit Court review the returned questionnaires. The presiding Judge decides the number of potential jurors to chose from for the year, this number is 1,200 at the present time. The Jury Commissioners must return the list of potential jurors to the Clerk of the Circuit Court by December 15th.
The list of potential jurors is then sent to the Management Information Systems Office for the County of Warren. This Office then places the names on a computer diskette, which contains a program to further randomize the list. The computer diskette is then sent back to the Clerk of the Circuit Court. The Clerk then places the information from the diskette into the courts computer system. Each term of the Circuit Court, the judge pushes a button on the computer, which causes the computer to select 105 potential jurors for each term of court. During high profile court cases, more names may be selected.
Each year 80 Grand Jurors are selected for service using the same system as discussed above.
Men and women over the age of 18 years and from all walks of life have an equal opportunity to be called for jury service.
Yes! The summons to jury service is an official court summons. If you do not respond, you could be held in contempt of court.
Your term of jury service might disturb your regular pattern of work and other activities. If this disruption causes you genuine hardship and not just inconvenience, it may be possible for you to defer your service to another time. However, this is done only in cases of genuine hardship or need. The judge decides whether your jury service can be deferred. If you feel that you cannot perform your jury service, call the number listed on your summons to discuss your situation.
You will not be excused because jury service is inconvenient or because you have a busy schedule, but you may be excused for reasons such as physical ailment. If you have special conflicts on particular days during the term, the court may excuse you on those days.
Your employer can not fine, demote or otherwise penalize you for missing work while performing jury service. Many employers will continue to pay your salary while you are in jury service. Contact your employer to find out what the policy is at your job.
You will be reimbursed $30 per day for attendance for each day you must report to the courthouse. The Virginia General Assembly sets this amount.
Jurors serve one term of court. Depending on where you live, your term may be up to four months. Your summons will indicate the length and exact dates of the term you will serve.
It is very important that all jurors report each day they are told to report and that they be on time. Your absence may delay a trial. If you have an emergency (such as sudden illness or death in the family), call the number on your summons immediately.
You will go through an orientation program the first time you are required to report for jury duty. The orientation will inform you of the procedures for checking in on days you must report to the courthouse, how to find out when to report, what the court's hours are, and what to do if you have an emergency during jury service. Additionally, you will learn about your role as a juror and what you should and should not do while in the courthouse or serving on jury duty.
Usually jurors go home at the end of each day and return the next morning. However, in extremely rare cases, a jury will be "sequestered" during the trial or during the jury deliberations. Sequestered means that instead of going home at the end of the day, jurors stay in hotels, where their access to other people, radio news, television news, and newspapers is limited. This is done to keep them from accidentally hearing something about the trial that was not told in court or from being influenced by news reports. This is important because juries must reach their decisions based only on what they've heard during the trial. In almost all Virginia jury trials, however, the jury goes home at the end of each day and is simply told by the judge not to discuss the case with anyone, nor to watch, read or listen to news reports about the case. It is essential that you follow these instructions.
Certainly! While efforts are made to reduce delay and avoid waiting time, you may have to wait a while at the courthouse before you find out whether you have been chosen to actually sit on a jury (the reasons why are explained in the next section). So bring a book, or some other quiet activity, or get to know your fellow jurors. Remember that as a juror, you are a vital part of the court system. Part of the job of many court employees, such as the bailiffs and the clerks, is to help make your jury service comfortable and convenient. Do not be afraid to ask them for help.
Yes. The parties involved in a case generally seek to settle their differences and avoid the expense and time of a trial. Sometimes the case is settled just a few moments before the trial begins. So even though several trials are scheduled for a certain day, the court does not know until that morning how many will actually go to trial. But your time spent waiting is not wasted - your very presence in the court encourages settlement.
When a trial is ready to begin, the bailiff calls potential jurors into the courtroom. If damages of less than $15,000 are claimed in the case, 11 jurors will be called. If damages of more than $15,000 are claimed, 13 jurors will be called. The clerk or bailiff asks potential jurors to stand, hold up their right hand, and swear or affirm that they will truthfully answer the questions about to be asked of them. The judge will then tell you the names of the parties and their attorneys and briefly explain the nature of the case. The judge will ask if you are related to anyone involved in the case, have any financial or other interest in the outcome of the case, have formed or expressed an opinion or have any personal bias or prejudice that might affect how you decide the case. If you do not think you can make a fair and impartial decision for any reason, you should tell the judge at this time.
The attorneys for each side might also ask you some questions. If the judge concludes that you may not be able to make a fair decision, you will be asked to step down, and another prospective juror will be brought in to replace you. After the judge decides that all potential jurors are qualified to fairly and impartially hear the case, the clerk will compile a list of jurors and give it to the attorneys. Each side will remove three names from the list. They do not have to give a reason for removing these names. If the amount claimed is under $15,000, the final jury will have five members. If the claim is more than $15,000, the jury will have seven members. The remaining jurors then swear or affirm that they will hear the case and give a verdict they believe to be true. The trial is ready to begin.
Allowing both sides to participate in selecting the jury gives the parties the opportunity to feel that the jury will be fair and impartial when it decides the case. Being excused from a jury in no way reflects on your character or your competence as a juror, so you should not feel offended or embarrassed if your name is removed.
How are juries chosen in a criminal case?
The procedure for criminal cases is very similar to the procedure for civil cases. However, 20 prospective jurors are called for a felony trial, and the final jury will have 12 members. For a misdemeanor case, the final jury will have seven members. (The difference between felony and a misdemeanor case is described in the next section.)
Sometimes, when the judge believes that a case is likely to last more than a day or two, additional jurors will be chosen from those summoned for jury duty, questioned and challenged like other prospective jurors. The additional jurors are chosen to avoid having to retry the case should one or more jurors be excused from the jury during the trial for an emergency (such as illness), leaving too few jurors to decide the case. Throughout the trial, all jurors will sit together, paying careful attention to all the evidence. After closing argument and before the jury retires to the jury room to decide the case, the judge will excuse from further jury duty enough jurors to reduce the number of jurors to the statutory number needed to decide the case.
In any trial, two kinds of questions will have to be decided at various times. These are questions of law and questions of fact. The judge decides the questions of law. You decide the questions of fact. After you have decided the questions of fact, you will apply the law to the facts as directed by the judge at the end of the trial.
Questions of law involve the determination of what the law is. They may be about procedural matters (what information can be admitted as evidence, what kind of questions can be asked, which witnesses can appear, and what can they testify about). Or they may involve questions of substantive law, which create, define and regulate the rights of parties.
Quite simply, it is deciding what really happened in a case. Do not be surprised if the evidence given by both sides is conflicting or if the testimony given by one witness contradicts another. After all, if everyone was in agreement about what happened and what should be done about it, the dispute probably would not be in court, and a jury probably would not be needed. Your job is to listen to all the testimony, consider all the evidence, and decide what you think really happened.
A number of people will be in the courtroom besides the judge, the jury and attorneys. The list below explains who they are and what they will be doing.
After the clerk or bailiff has sworn in the jury, the case is ready to begin. Both attorneys may make opening statements explaining their client's position and outlining the evidence they expect to present that will support their claims. These statements are not evidence and should not be considered as such. The witnesses for the plaintiff are then called and questioned by the attorney for the plaintiff and cross-examined by the attorney for the defendant. After cross-examination, the plaintiff's attorney may reexamine some of the witnesses. After all the plaintiff's witnesses have been called and all the plaintiff's evidence has been presented, the attorney will tell the judge that the plaintiff rests.
Witnesses for the defendant may then be called. This time, the defendant's attorney questions the witnesses and the plaintiff's attorney cross-examines them. When all the defendant's witnesses and evidence have been presented, the defense will rest. After the defendant has finished, the plaintiff has the right to offer testimony in reply.
The judge and the attorneys will then go to the judge's chambers to consider the instructions the judge will give the jurors about the law of the case (this is discussed below). After the judge has decided on the instructions, the judge and the attorneys will return to the courtroom. The judge reads the jury instructions to the jury, and then the attorneys make their closing arguments. The closing arguments let each attorney tell the jury what they think the evidence proves and why their client should win. These closing arguments may help jurors recall many details of the case, but they are not evidence. The plaintiff's attorney speaks first, followed by the defendant's attorney. Finally, the plaintiff's attorney speaks again and closes the case.
Jury instructions tell the jury what the laws are that govern a particular case. Each attorney gives the judge a set of proposed jury instructions. The judge considers each instruction and gives the one that properly states the law that applies to the case. The jurors must accept and follow the law as instructed by the judge, even though they may have a different idea about what the law is or ought to be.
In a civil case, the jury not only decides on a verdict for one side or the other, but also awards damages. That is, if the jury determines that an award of money should be made, the jury decides how much money should be paid.
Criminal cases are very similar to civil cases, except instead of a plaintiff, there is a prosecuting attorney. The prosecuting attorney may represent either the Commonwealth (the state) or a city, county or town.
There are two kinds of criminal cases: Felonies and Misdemeanors. A felony offense is one that can be punished by death or by a prison sentence of a year or more. If the felony offense is one that can be punished by death, it is called a capital offense. If the maximum punishment allowed by law is less than one year in confinement or only a fine, the offense is called a misdemeanor.
If the jury finds the defendant guilty in a criminal case, they set the punishment at the same time they decide the verdict. After a guilty verdict in a capital case, however, the jury will hear evidence in a separate proceeding before deciding on the penalty.
An important part of an attorney's job is to protect the client's rights during a trial. This includes making sure that the only evidence presented during the trial is evidence that is proper, relevant and allowed by law. So if evidence is submitted that the attorney feels is improper, or if the attorney feels that the other side is asking questions that are unlawful, the attorney will call out, "Objection!" By doing this, the attorney is asking the judge to rule on whether the law allows that particular piece of evidence or statement or question to be admitted. If the judge thinks it should be admitted, the judge will say, "Objection Overruled" or just "Overruled". If the judge agrees that the evidence in question is improper, the judge will say, "Objection Sustained". How often an attorney raises objections during the trial should not bias you against that attorney's case.
The judge may decide to send the jury from the courtroom in the middle of a trial. While the jury is gone, the attorneys and the judge will discuss points of law or whether certain evidence can be admitted. The purpose of these discussions is to make sure that the jury hears only the evidence that is legally valid before making its decision. You will be called back to the courtroom when the judge's decision is made.
You must disregard that testimony. Sometimes the jury hears testimony that the judge later decides it should not have heard. The judge will tell the jury to consider the case as if it had never heard it. You must follow the judge's instructions if the parties in the case are to receive a fair trial.
No. As long as the trial is still going on, do not discuss the trial with anyone. Do not even discuss the case with your fellow jurors until you begin your deliberations. When the trial is over, you can discuss it with anyone if you want to, or you may keep silent if you prefer.
No, not as long as the trial is still going on.
Ask the bailiff to tell the judge immediately what has happened. Tell no one about the incident, except the bailiff or the judge.
Jurors are given lunch breaks and may be given other breaks during a trial. If it is absolutely necessary that you take a break for some other reason at any time during the trial, tell the bailiff or the judge. But note that these requests are highly unusual and should be made only if absolutely necessary.
You can view a copy of the Comprehensive Plan on the Warren County Planning Department page. Select the Comprehensive Plan from the menu located on the left side of the page. The chapters can be downloaded as PDF files. A hardcopy of the Plan is also available for viewing in the Planning Department during office hours.
The subdivision of property in Warren County varies across zoning districts and is influenced by many factors, including road frontage, size and shape of new parcels, and the existing number of subdivided parcels from the parent parcel. The Planning Department staff can answer most questions regarding subdivision of land, but some deed research may be required to verify the number of parcels and dates of prior subdivisions.
The Warren County Circuit Court Clerk's office in the County Courthouse maintains land records, deeds, and plats for properties in the County. They can be contacted at 540-635-2435 and are located at 1 East Main Street, Front Royal.
A Sanitary District is a special taxing zone allowed under the Code of Virginia. Its governing body holds several responsibilities:
The governing body of any county can establish a Sanitary District upon the receipt of a petition from a specified number of qualified voters. This order will define the district's boundaries and powers.
Upon gaining Sanitary District status:
Becoming a Sanitary District offers numerous advantages to its residents, including:
Becoming a Sanitary District also has certain disadvantages:
If circumstances change, the Code of Virginia provides a provision to terminate the Sanitary District by the Circuit Court's order.
Currently, there are 13 sanitary districts in Warren County. They include:
View a map (PDF) showing the location of the twelve sanitary districts in Warren County.
Sanitary District Taxes differ from Real Estate Taxes. They're distinct bills with varied tax rates and amounts. If Sanitary District Taxes aren't paid, it leads to a tax lien on the property. These bills are combined with regular Real Estate bills for clarity and to reduce mailing costs.
While Warren County is filling the Sanitary District Manager position, all inquiries or concerns should be directed to Sanitary District Manager Michael Coffelt. You can reach him at 540-935-7649 or via email. In case of an emergency, please call the Warren County Sheriff's Office at 540-635-4128.
The Sanitary District Manager oversees the maintenance and construction on the Sanitary District Road and Drainage system and related rights-of-way in the Warren County portion of Shenandoah Farms. This also includes the management of the dams at the Lake of the Clouds and Spring Lake.
The manager's responsibilities include:
You can stay informed through the Warren County website. There's a page for the Sanitary District under the "Government" menu, within the "Public Works" department. Updates will be posted there, as well as in the notices/comments section. If you've shared your email address with us, we'll also send updates directly to your inbox.
Dust on the roads is common during the dry summer and fall seasons. We've looked into dust control methods, one of which is the application of liquid or flake calcium chloride. However, this solution is beyond our budget and has potential environmental implications. This chemical absorbs moisture, which can lead to soft, muddy roads during winter and potential groundwater contamination.
Washboard roads usually occur due to lack of moisture and traffic/speed. They're particularly prevalent when weather conditions are dry and frequent rainfall reduces their chances. Hard acceleration or braking can accelerate wash boarding, which is why you'll see it frequently at intersections, before and after sharp curves, and on hills.
The Shenandoah Farms road system is divided into 5 snow removal routes. We use a combination of County equipment and contract equipment to remove snow and treat icy spots with abrasive materials. Salt is not used on gravel/dirt roads as it retains moisture and causes the roads to get soft and muddy.
We have placed 15 MPH advisory speed limit signs throughout the Sanitary District. However, this is not an enforceable speed limit. The only way to legally post enforceable speed limits is to conduct individual traffic engineering studies of each section of roadway. Money is better spent addressing the infrastructure needs of the road system. If you observe reckless driving, please contact the Warren County Sheriff's Office via phone at 540-635-4128.
Road signs marking the road names at intersections are the responsibility of Warren County. If you notice road signs down or missing, please contact the County Administrator's Office via phone at 540-636-4600 or the Sanitary District Manager and it can be passed along. Part of the road and drainage study will be to determine the need and location of regulatory road signs such as stop and yield signs.
The Road and Drainage Engineering study will determine the ultimate design of all of the roads in the Sanitary District. Many roads will be designed for paving. However, proper drainage (pipes and ditches), excavation and widening, and the construction of a proper road base must be in place first. Expect drainage improvements (new pipes, ditches etc.) to be some of the first improvements you will see.
If you have an issue with a downed tree or other type of road concern in your sanitary district, you can contact us using the information below:
During Normal Business Hours: Contact Warren County Public Works via phone at 540-636-1543.
During Non-Business Hours and Holidays: Contact the Warren County Sheriff's Office non-emergency phone line at 540-635-4128. Please remember to report the Sanitary District in which you reside.
If there is an Emergency Response Needed: Dial 911
Facebook is a social media outlet that allows the sharing of information from the Sheriff's Office to the public. However, frequently people will send in tips, complaints, comments, information, etc. requesting law enforcement response. To prevent these comments, tips, information, etc. from being overlooked or lost we have decided it is in the best interest of the public and community we serve to turn the comment portion off.
Again, people were using messenger instead of calling 911 or utilizing the tip line. Facebook cannot be monitored 24/7 by a Deputy and to continue to bring the best possible response to our community we had to turn off the messenger ability. Additionally, most of our comments, tips, complaints, etc. did not relate to our office, but to multiple Warren County Sheriff's Office's up and down the east coast.
Many of the day-to-day functions of the criminal justice system involve a magistrate. A magistrate is a judicial officer appointed by the Commonwealth of Virginia to provide an extra check and balance in our justice system before a case goes to court.
Magistrates are involved in issuing many different legal processes, including but not limited to arrest warrants, search warrants, Protective Orders (also commonly known as "restraining orders"), Emergency Custody Orders and Temporary Detention Orders (both of which are used in mental health and medical situations).
Warren County is located in the 4th Region of Virginia's 26th Magisterial District along with Rockingham, Page, Shenandoah, Clarke, and Frederick Counties, and the Cities of Harrisonburg and Winchester.
While a magistrate's daily interactions consist of mostly law enforcement and regional jail officers, private citizens can also use the magistrate for a variety of reasons, mainly the following:
Once eight hours have elapsed, the mental health professionals conducting the assessment will have reached a conclusion about whether or not additional hospitalization and/or treatment are needed. The two most likely outcomes are: the patient is released from the hospital with a Safety Plan and referred to additional resources that can help them, or more treatment is necessary. If more treatment is necessary and the patient refuses to voluntarily undertake the treatment, a Temporary Detention Order (TDO) can be issued. A Temporary Detention Order is an extension of an Emergency Custody Order, and it can last up to 72 hours before there is a court hearing to determine if additional care is necessary. Throughout this time, the patient remains in the custody and care of a mental health facility specifically designated for these situations.
The Code of Virginia allows for a law enforcement officer to take a person into custody on an officer-initiated (also referred to as "paperless") Emergency Custody Order. This exists for situations where a clear and present danger exists that requires a person to be taken into custody and receive treatment immediately - in the event of an attempted suicide, for example.
If you have a friend, acquaintance, or family member who is exhibiting the symptoms described above (a danger to themselves, a danger to others, or incapable of caring for themselves due to mental illness and unwilling/unable to voluntarily receive treatment), you can obtain an Emergency Custody Order for them from the magistrate - see the section on Accessing the Magistrate on our website for more information.
If you have any questions at all about whether an Emergency Custody Order would be appropriate in a specific situation, please don't hesitate to call our Office at 540-645-4128 to speak to a Deputy on duty.
If the issue with the short-term tourist rental is related to noise, we ask that you contact the Warren County Sheriff's Office while the noise is occurring. The non-emergency line for the WCSO is 540-635-4128.For all complaints, especially complaints where the Sheriff's Office has been involved, we also ask that you contact the Planning Department as soon as possible. We are in office 9-5, Monday through Friday or you can email your concerns at any time to firstname.lastname@example.org. If emailing, we ask you to provide the address of the short-term tourist rental, if possible.
Once the complaint is received, staff will communicate with the property owner/manager to remedy the issue.
As a part of the permitting process, you will need a septic system certification from the Health Department. They can be found at 465 W 15 Street Suite 200, Front Royal, VA 22630 or at 540-635-3159.
If you're looking to name a platted private or other right-of-way access road that serves three or more residences, you can submit a list of three potential names to the Zoning Administrator. This list can be submitted by the subdivision developer, property owners association, or property owners adjacent to the new road. The road names will then be reviewed and approved by the WC Board of Supervisors.
Please refer to the quick link that mentions Chapter 142 in the Warren County Code.
You would need to get in touch with the GIS Coordinator of Warren County. The office number is (540) 636-3354.
You can access the Warren County Zoning and Subdivision Ordinances on the Warren County website. From the main toolbar, select 'Residents' and scroll down to "Warren County Code". The Subdivision Ordinance is Chapter 155, and the Zoning Ordinance is in Chapter 180.
You can determine your property's zoning by visiting Warren County's GIS or by contacting our office at 540-636-3354.
The construction of a single-family dwelling must adhere to the property line setback requirements for the underlying zoning district. It must also comply with the well and septic requirements as defined by the Virginia Department of Health rules and regulations and Warren County Code Chapter 179.
The Warren County Code permits one principle structure on a single lot in the Agricultural and Residential zoning districts.
Zoning setbacks are determined by the underlying zoning district. In the Agricultural (A), Rural Residential (RR), Residential One (R1), and Two (R2) districts, a principle dwelling must be 50' from the front from the edge of the right-of-way (R-O-W), 15' from each side property line, and 35' from the rear property line. For Village Residential (VR), the setbacks are 25' from the front from the edge of the R-O-W, 15' from side and rear property lines. For Suburban Residential (SR), the setbacks are 20' from the front from the edge of the R-O-W, 20' in the rear, and 15' from the side property lines.
Accessory structures must be located in the side or rear yard only and should meet the side and rear setbacks for the underlying zoning district. The Agricultural district may have an accessory structure in the front yard meeting the setback of 50' and used for maintenance equipment only. The number of these structures is based on lot acreage. Additional requirements relating to size, number of structures, height, and setbacks vary between zoning districts, so it's recommended to contact Planning and Zoning staff for additional information prior to your building permit application submission.
You can find out by contacting the Warren County Environmental Health Department at 540-635-3159.
Warren County requires a setback of 100' feet between well to well and well to drain field. You can find this information by contacting the Warren County Health Department or in Warren County Code Chapter 179.
Before the Commissioner of the Revenue can issue a business license, a certificate of zoning must be issued by the Planning Department. This is to determine if the use qualifies as a home occupation as found in Warren County Code Section 180-17. The current fee for this is $15, payable in check or cash only.
You can report such violations to the Planning Department, which will then speak with the Zoning Administrator. If the Zoning Administrator is unavailable, staff will fill out a Zoning Violation Complaint form with pertinent information. The Zoning Administrator will follow up with a site visit to the property and a letter of inspection or violation. Your report is confidential, and no names will be released regarding the complaint.
Four dogs six months of age or older per household are allowed by-right in all zoning districts. Kennels are allowed by Conditional Use Permit in the Agricultural (A) and Rural Residential (RR) Zoning Districts for five or more dogs. The County does not have an ordinance for cats.
This depends on the zoning district of your property. If zoned Agricultural (A), it is an allowed use by-right. If zoned Rural-Residential (RR), it is an accessory use permitted by-right but with some limitations. If the property is zoned Village Residential (VR), it is a conditionally permitted use subject to limitations and conditions approved by the Warren County Board of Supervisors.
Major recreational vehicles shall not be used for living, sleeping, or occupancy on residential lots not approved for such use. These vehicles, when not parked in a garage, carport, or other building, shall be located at least 3 feet from the dwelling or accessory structures and not be located in the front yard except in a driveway perpendicular to the street and a minimum of 10 feet from the right-of-way on the part of the property determined to be the front yard; as per Warren County Code Section 180-40.1: Major recreational vehicles and equipment.